This table shows the astrological planets (as distinct from the astronomical) and the Greek and Roman deities associated with them.
In most cases, the English name for planets derives from the name of a Roman god or goddess.
To modern astrologers, the planets represent basic drives or urges in the unconscious, They express themselves with different qualities in the twelve signs of the zodiac and in the twelve houses.
The planets are also related to each other in the form of aspects.
To the Greeks and the other earliest astronomers, this group consisted of the five planets visible to the naked eye and excluded Earth.
Although strictly, the term planet applied only to those five objects, the term was latterly broadened, particularly in the Middle Ages, to include the Sun and the Moon (sometimes referred to as "Lights"), making a total of seven planets. To ancient astrologers, the planets represented the will of the gods and their direct influence upon human affairs.
The Sun is the star at the center of our solar system, around which the Earth and other planets revolve and provides us with heat and light.
Before the age of telescopes, the night sky was thought to consist of two very similar components: fixed stars, which remained motionless in relation to each other, and "wandering stars" (Ancient Greek: asteres planetai), which moved relative to the fixed stars over the course of the year.
This genre is atteted in numerous manuscripts beginning in the mid 15th century in the Alemannic German areal; it remains popular throughout the German Renaissance, exerting great iconographical influence far into the 17th century.
These books usually list a male and a female Titan with each planet, Cronus and Rhea with Saturn, Eurymedon and Themis with Jupiter, probably Crius and Dione with Mars, Hyperion and Theia with Sun, Atlas and Phoebe with Moon, Coeus and Metis with Mercury, and Oceanus and Tethys with Venus.
The astrological descriptions attached to the seven classical planets have been preserved since ancient times.
Astrologers call the seven classical planets "the seven personal and social planets", because they are said to represent the basic human drives of every individual.