The Center, South, and East provinces are characterized by dense tropical rain forest.
The Center and South are culturally dominated by the Beti peoples, which include the Ewondo, Eton, and Bulu, and are linguistically and culturally related to the Fang of Gabon.
However, ethnic distinctiveness remains, and ethnic identity became an increasingly important source of social capital during the 1990s. Cameroon is situated by the Gulf of Guinea on the west coast of Africa.
Its area is 179,527 square miles (465,000 square kilometers).
Sultan Njoya, a man of unusual intellect, developed an original alphabet and wrote a history of his people and dynasty.
The population is dense, and the Bamiléké served as a labor reserve population in the twentieth century, resulting in large, entrepreneurial urban émigré population.The division of the country into British- and French-ruled League of Nations mandates after World War I created Anglophone and Francophone regions.The English-speaking region consists of the Southwest and Northwest provinces, where Pidgin English (Wes Cos) is the lingua franca and English is taught in school.Since the jihad led by an Islamic cleric in 1804, the northern region has been culturally dominated by the Fulani.Urban Fulani are renowned as clerics in the Sunni branch of Islam. An important subgroup are the Bororo'en, noted for the size of their cattle herds.