It stands on a spur formed by a lava flow to the north of the mouth of the Sarno River (known in ancient times as the Sarnus).The city had suffered from other seismic events before the eruption.It had already been used as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors.According to Strabo, Pompeii was also captured by the Etruscans, and recent excavations have shown the presence of Etruscan inscriptions and a 6th-century BC necropolis. The catastrophe was described in a surviving letter by Pliny the Younger who saw the eruption from a distance and described the death of his uncle Pliny the Elder, an admiral of the Roman fleet, who tried to rescue citizens. Many of the inhabitants were also buried before they could escape.
20 BC by Agrippa; the main line supplied several other large towns, and finally the naval base at Misenum.The amphitheatre has been cited by modern scholars as a model of sophisticated design, particularly in the area of crowd control.The aqueduct branched through three main pipes from the Castellum Aquae, where the waters were collected before being distributed to the city.Today it has UNESCO World Heritage Site status and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Italy, with approximately 2.5 million visitors every year.) in Latin is a second declension plural (Pompeiī, -ōrum).According to Theodor Kraus, "The root of the word Pompeii would appear to be the Oscan word for the number five, pompe, which suggests that either the community consisted of five hamlets or, perhaps, it was settled by a family group (gens Pompeia)." The ruins of Pompeii are located near the modern suburban town of Pompei (nowadays written with one 'i').