Photomicrograph of fibers from the center of the radiocarbon sample in water.Gum material is swelling and detaching from fibers.Very old bogs often contain miniscule roots from newer plants that grew in the peat.The roots of these plants, sometimes having decomposed, are nearly indistinguishable from the older peat.
Photomicrograph of fibers from middle of carbon 14 sample. For those who after 1988 continued to believe that the Shroud was the genuine burial cloth of Jesus, a winter of ridicule and doubts has ended.
What ends up being tested is a mixture of old and new material which produces an average, meaningless carbon 14 age.
No one seemed to consider, in 1988, that material intrusion might be a serious problem with the Shroud of Turin carbon 14 dating even though clues were there.
The will ask why documented data was not considered.
They will talk about the clues of material intrusion that were simply ignored.