The high prestige of the God's Wife of Amun is another example of the balance observed by the ancient Egyptians in that the position of the High Priest of Amun was balanced by an equally powerful female.
It must be noted that the designation 'cult' in describing ancient Egyptian religion does not carry the same meaning it does in the modern day.
Following the creation and beginning of time, women continue to play a pivotal role as evidenced in the equally popular story of Osiris and Isis.
This brother and sister couple were said to have ruled the world (that being Egypt) after its creation and to have taught human beings the precepts of civilization, the art of agriculture, the proper worship of the gods.
In the most popular creation myth, the god Atum lights upon the primordial mound in the midst of the swirling waters of chaos and sets about creating the world.
In some versions of this tale, however, it is the goddess Neith who brings creation and, even where Atum is the central character, the primordial waters are personified as Nu and Naunet, a balance of the male and female principles in harmony which combine for the creative act.
The gods were both male and female, and each had their own equally important areas of expertise.Women could be scribes and also priests, usually of a cult with a feminine deity.The priests of Isis, for example, were female and male, while cults with a male deity usually had only male priests (as in the case of Amun).A woman was entitled to administer her own property and dispose of it as she wished.She could buy, sell, be a partner in legal contracts, be executor in wills and witness to legal documents, bring an action at court, and adopt children in her own name.