Such alignment can be improved through policy, training, and coordination efforts.
The EU-wide ‘Joint Action on Improving Quality in HIV Prevention’, is seeking to increase the effectiveness of HIV prevention in Europe by using practical quality assurance (QA) and quality improvement (QI) tools.
These persuasive messages have successfully increased people's knowledge about HIV.
More importantly, information sent out through advertising and social marketing also proves to be effective in promoting more favorable attitudes and intentions toward future condom use, though they did not bring significant change in actual behaviors except those were targeting at specific behavioral skills.
Removal of legal barriers to operation of NEPs and other syringe access initiatives has been identified as an important part of a comprehensive approach to reducing HIV transmission among injection drug users (IDUs). Changes in syringe and drug-control policy can be ineffective in reducing such barriers if police continue to treat syringe possession as a crime or participation in NEP as evidence of criminal activity.
Research elsewhere has shown similar misalignment between "law on the books" and "law on the streets".
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Medical professionals and scientists recommend treatment or prevention of other infections such as herpes, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human papillomavirus, syphilis, gonorrhea, and tuberculosis as an indirect way to prevent the spread of HIV infection.For example, in Kyrgyzstan, although sex work, syringe sales, and possession of syringes are not criminalized and possession of a small amount of drug has been decriminalized, gaps remain between these policies and law enforcement knowledge and practice.To optimize public health efforts targeting vulnerable groups, law enforcement personnel and public health policies and practices should be closely aligned.Social strategies do not require any drug or object to be effective, but rather require persons to change their behaviors to gain protection from HIV.Some social strategies which people consider include: so HIV testing is almost always a part of any strategy to encourage people to change their behaviors to become less likely to contract HIV.