While the degree of the phenomenon varies on an individual basis, in the most extreme cases, some people remain in isolation for years or even decades.
Often hikikomori start out as school refusers, or futōkō ).
While many people feel the pressures of the outside world, hikikomori react by complete social withdrawal.
In some cases, they isolate themselves in their living quarters for prolonged periods, sometimes for years. In interviews with current or recovering hikikomori, media reports and documentaries have captured the strong levels of psychological distress and angst felt by these individuals.
The author claimed that the hikikomori interviewed for the book had discovered independent thinking and a sense of self that the current Japanese environment could not accommodate.
The syndrome also closely parallels the terms avoidant personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, or social anxiety disorder (also known as "social phobia").
For over 10 years, Asian Dating has connected thousands of Asian singles worldwide.
This has led some psychiatrists to suggest that hikikomori may be affected by autism spectrum disorders and other disorders that affect social integration, but that their disorders are altered from their typical Western presentation because of the social and cultural pressures unique to Japan.With a commitment to connecting singles worldwide, we bring Asia to you.Our membership base is made up of over 2.5 million singles from USA, Europe, Philippines, Thailand, China, Japan, Vietnam and many more Asian countries.Tamaki Saitō, who first coined the phrase, originally estimated that there may be over one million hikikomori in Japan, although this was not based on national survey data.Nonetheless, considering that hikikomori adolescents are hidden away and their parents are often reluctant to talk about the problem, it is extremely difficult to gauge the number accurately.