C̦atalhüyük, on the Anatolian Plateau of Turkey, revealed a variety of crude, soft earthenware estimated to be approximately 9,000 years old.A more advanced variety of handmade pottery, hardfired and burnished, has proved to be as early as 6500 .By far the most sophisticated pottery of this epoch was made in Crete, contemporaneously with the first palaces at Knossos and Phaistos.The finest ware (Middle Minoan II) is confined to these two royal capitals and to the ).Earthenware statuettes belong to this period, and a vessel (in the Louvre, Paris) with a long spout based on a copper prototype is the ancestor of many much later variations from this region in both pottery and metal.Remarkable glazed brick panels have been recovered from the ruins of Khorsabad (Babylon.The so-called faience of Egypt is an unfired ware and thus, strictly speaking, falls outside the definition of pottery used in this article.
The contemporary wares of the Cyclades are similar, but more use is made of incised ornament; spirals are common motifs, while some vases bear primitive representations of ships.
Thessalian potters favoured a red monochrome ware but occasionally attempted simple painted decoration consisting of rectilinear patterns, with a vertical or diagonal emphasis.
The Neolithic pottery of Crete is remarkable for its finely burnished surface, any decoration usually incised.
Immediately above the Flood deposit, and therefore dating from a time soon after the Flood (about 3000 Susa (Shushan) in southwest Iran.
The motifs are partly geometric, partly stylized but easily recognizable representations of waterfowl and running dogs, usually in friezes.