The Commission, which has enforced Title VII since it became effective in 1965, has well-established guidance applying Title VII principles to employers' use of criminal records to screen for employment.
This Enforcement Guidance builds on longstanding court decisions and policy documents that were issued over twenty years ago.
They each pled guilty to charges of possessing and distributing marijuana as high school students, and neither of them had any subsequent contact with the criminal justice system.
After college, they both apply for employment with Office Jobs, Inc., which, after short intake interviews, obtains their consent to conduct a background check.
In 2010, 28% of all arrests were of African Americans, Moreover, African Americans and Hispanics were more likely than Whites to be arrested, convicted, or sentenced for drug offenses even though their rate of drug use is similar to the rate of drug use for Whites. Department of Justice estimated in 2001 that 1 out of every 17 White men (5.9% of the White men in the U.African Americans and Hispanics also are incarcerated at rates disproportionate to their numbers in the general population. S.) is expected to go to prison at some point during his lifetime, assuming that current incarceration rates remain unchanged.National data, such as that cited above, supports a finding that criminal record exclusions have a disparate impact based on race and national origin.See Also What You Should Know About the EEOC and Arrest and Conviction Records Questions and Answers About the EEOC's Enforcement Guidance on the Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records in Employment Decisions Under Title VII This Enforcement Guidance is issued as part of the Commission's efforts to eliminate unlawful discrimination in employment screening, for hiring or retention, by entities covered by Title VII, including private employers as well as federal, state, and local governments.The Department of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics (DOJ/BJS) has concluded that, if incarceration rates do not decrease, approximately 6.6% of all persons born in the United States in 2001 will serve time in state or federal prison during their lifetimes.