Validating holistic scoring for writing assessment

Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy.Its pedagogy emphasizes the role of imagination in learning, striving to integrate the intellectual, practical, and artistic development of pupils in a holistic manner.The curriculum is structured to foster pupils' intellectual understanding, independent judgment, and ethical ideals such as social responsibility, aiming to meet the developing capacity for abstract thought and conceptual judgment.

validating holistic scoring for writing assessment-82

A central role of this class teacher is to provide supportive role models both through personal example and through stories drawn from a variety of cultures, a practice known as looping.The first Waldorf school opened in 1919 in Stuttgart, Germany.At present there are about 1,150 independent Waldorf schools, environments.While class teachers serve a valuable role as personal mentors, establishing "lasting relationships with pupils", especially in the early years, Ullrich documented problems when the same class teacher continues into the middle school years.Noting that there is a danger of any authority figure limiting students enthusiasm for inquiry and assertion of autonomy, he emphasized the need for teachers to encourage independent thought and explanatory discussion in these years, and cited approvingly a number of schools where the class teacher accompanies the class for six years, after which specialist teachers play a significantly greater role.

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