From early bases in the estuaries of the rivers of the eastern Baltic region, Germanic commercial-military bands, probably in search of new routes to the east, began to penetrate territory populated by Finnic and Slavic tribes, where they found amber, furs, honey, wax, and timber products.The indigenous population offered little resistance to their incursions, and there was no significant local authority to negotiate the balance between trade, tribute, and plunder.The successes of his long reign made it possible for the reign of his son Svyatopolk (1015–19), nor his successors in Kiev were able to provide lasting political stability within the enormous realm.The political history of Rus is one of clashing separatist and centralizing trends inherent in the contradiction between local settlement and colonization on the one hand and the hegemony of the clan elder, ruling from Kiev, on the other.
But Svyatoslav was neither a lawgiver nor an organizer; the role of architect of the Kievan state fell to his son 980–1015), who established the dynastic seniority system of his clan as the political structure by which the scattered territories of Rus were to be ruled.
At the same time, conflicts among the Rurikid princes acquired a more pronounced regional and separatist nature, reflecting new patterns in export trade along the northern and western periphery.
Novgorod, in particular, began to gravitate toward closer relations with the cities of the Hanseatic League, which controlled the Baltic trade.
Empty space will be filled by a promenade with recreation and commercial spaces overlooking the pitch.
Trading empires of that era seem to have known and exploited the northern forests—particularly the vast triangular-shaped region west of the Urals between the Kama and Volga rivers—but these contacts seem to have had little lasting impact.